Lo, your king comes to you;
triumphant and victorious is he,
humble and riding on an ass, on a colt the foal of an ass.
10 I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim
and the war horse from Jerusalem;
and the battle bow shall be cut off,
and he shall command peace to the nations;
his dominion shall be from sea to sea,
and from the River to the ends of the earth.
11 As for you also, because of the blood of my covenant with you,
I will set your captives free from the waterless pit.
12 Return to your stronghold, O prisoners of hope;
today I declare that I will restore to you double. Zech 9:0-12
This passage is a singularity, so to speak.
Frequently we see prophecy about the Messiah inserting itself in the midst of other scripture. Seemingly out of place, between the judgements upon the north and the south of Judah, perhaps Zechariah 9:9-12’s inclusion is meant to draw our attention in this profound and supreme mystery of salvation. The mention of the Messiah as salvation or Yeshua, was always seen from Heaven itself as having been accomplished from the foundation of the world.
FYI: And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. Rev. 13:8
Daughter of Zion is a beautiful personification of Jerusalem and her inhabitants. They will see your King, a Davidic reference to the Messiah who is coming. They were shouting hosanna…..
And the crowds that went before him and that followed him shouted, “Hosanna to the Son of David! Matthew 21:9
Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!” Ps 118:26
Rejoice, indeed. The Hebrew shows Messiah is coming with righteousness (triumphant) and having salvation (victorious) and he is afflicted (humble). Hallelujah and Amen!
This verse gives us a prophetic view of a specific event of the coming Messiah. Zions king comes riding into Jerusalem upon a donkey. It is a prophecy that the Messiah would fulfill some 400 years later and therefore testifies as to who Messiah is.
He comes in a peaceful way, not war-like in contrast to the previous chapters of destructive judgments on the enemies of Judah. The ideal king’s character will include righteousness, gentleness, and humility [2 Sa 23:3; Ps 72:1-3 and in Isaiah 9:7, 11:4-5, 53:11 and Jeremiah 23:5-6, 33;15-16].
What an odd sort of sight to us, riding on an ass and the colt! However, David and his sons used mules, which were not kosher, as royal mounts [2 Sam 18:9, 1King 1:33[. The donkey is a lowly, humble animal and is also a princely mount [ Judges 10:4; 12:14; and 2 Sam 16:2].
This is what we know as “the Triumphal Entry” into Jerusalem. For days before the Passover week, the lamb is to be choosen and examined for imperfections prior to the sacrifice [Matt 21: 1-11[. Jesus asks His disciples to go find a donkey and her colt for Him and Matthew records this was in fulfillment of this passage in Zechariah. The city welcomed Jesus whose name means salvation. He was proclaimed by the people as the Son of David, and the Messiah.
“This took place to fulfill what was spoken by the prophet, saying, “Tell the daughter of Zion, Behold, your king is coming to you, humble, and mounted on an ass, and on a colt, the foal of an ass.” Matt. 21:4-5
I will cut off the chariot… the war horse…. and the battle bow, and command peace to the nations. The Abrahamic Covenant is a covenant of universal peace [Gen 12:3; 18:18; 22:18]. This proclamation to all nations, ushers in a kingdom of universal peace. His rule will extend over all the earth. Isaiah and Micah also talk of this day [Isa 2:4; 9:5-7; 11:1-10; Micah 5:10-11].
FYI: Universal rule: He shall judge between the nations, and shall decide for many people; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more. Isaiah 2: 4 c.f. Ps 22:27-28; 72:8-11; Isa 45:22; 52:10; 66:18
The Lord keeps His covenant: This is the new covenant (forshadowed in the Mosaic Covenant, Ex 24:3-8) mentioned here as “the blood of my covenant with you” and fulfilled in Matthew 26: 26-29
... for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgveness of sins”. Matthew 26: 28“
The LORD’s righteousness and salvation will free “your prisoners” or those in spiritual bondage, those still in the waterless pit. In Genesis 37:24, Joseph was thrown into a dry cistern and in Jeremiah 38:6, Jeremiah was also thrown into a dry cistern. Both waterless wells allowed the perpetrators to imprison their captives, which would lead to death, but not by their own hands.
“O prisoners of hope” are to return to their stronghold, the LORD himself. All in bondage to sin, your hope is in the LORD and you will be blessed twice or completely restored from the effects of the fall. The New Covenant in His blood is “twice blessed”: redemption of believers are spiritually born from above and receive an eternal physical life. This is the LORD’s response to all who were twiced condemned in Genesis: As in the Hebrew the warning is that “in the day you eat of the fruit you shall die die” i.e. we die spiritually and we die physically.
Gen 2: 17 “but of the tree of the knowlede of good and evIl you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you (die) die”.